Fire Alarm System in Pakistan

May 24, 2023
Fire Pump Controller Applications Understanding
July 30, 2023

Introduction to Fire Alarm Systems

Fire alarm systems are crucial components of any building’s safety infrastructure. They are designed to detect the presence of fire and promptly alert occupants, giving them valuable time to evacuate safely and allowing for swift action to mitigate potential damages. These systems consist of interconnected devices strategically placed throughout the building, continuously monitoring for signs of fire or smoke. When triggered, the fire alarm system activates audible and visual alarms, notifying occupants and building authorities of the emergency.

Importance of Fire Alarm System in Different Premises..!

Importance in Residential Buildings:

In residential settings, fire alarm systems play a vital role in safeguarding the lives of inhabitants. A residential fire can escalate rapidly, especially during nighttime when occupants may be sleeping. Early detection through fire alarms provides critical seconds or minutes to evacuate, reducing the risk of injuries and fatalities. Additionally, modern fire alarm systems are equipped with advanced technology, allowing for integration with home security systems and remote monitoring, further enhancing protection even when homeowners are away.

Importance in Commercial Buildings:

In commercial buildings, where numerous people work or visit daily, fire alarm systems are essential for maintaining a safe and compliant environment. Commercial spaces often house valuable assets and critical operations, making them susceptible to significant financial losses in the event of a fire. By promptly detecting fires and initiating appropriate responses, fire alarm systems help prevent disasters, protect employees and visitors, and limit business interruptions. Compliance with fire safety regulations and insurance requirements is also upheld through the installation of reliable fire alarm systems in commercial buildings.

Importance in Industrial Buildings:

Industrial buildings pose unique fire safety challenges due to the presence of hazardous materials, machinery, and complex layouts. Fire alarm systems in industrial settings are tailored to address these specific risks. Early detection and alarm activation are vital to prevent the rapid spread of fire and the release of dangerous substances. Furthermore, industrial fire alarm systems often integrate with specialized suppression systems, enabling automated responses to contain fires and minimize damages, protecting both personnel and critical industrial processes.


Fire alarm systems are an indispensable aspect of fire safety in residential, commercial, and industrial buildings. By promptly detecting fires and alerting occupants and authorities, these systems save lives, prevent injuries, and mitigate property losses. The investment in a reliable and compliant fire alarm system demonstrates a commitment to ensuring the safety and well-being of those inside the building, making it an indispensable feature of any modern construction.

Fire Alarm Systems in Pakistan

According to recent survey the market for fire alarm systems in Pakistan has been steadily growing due to increasing awareness of fire safety and the implementation of stricter building safety regulations. The demand for fire alarm systems has been driven by several factors:

1. Urbanization and Infrastructure Development:

Pakistan has been experiencing rapid urbanization and infrastructure development, including the construction of commercial buildings, shopping malls, educational institutions, hospitals, and industrial facilities. As these structures are being built or renovated, there is a growing emphasis on fire safety, leading to an increased demand for fire alarm systems.

2. Government Regulations and Standards:

The Pakistani government has been focusing on improving building safety standards, including fire safety regulations. Various building codes and standards require the installation of fire alarm systems in commercial building and public buildings, further boosting the market demand.

3. Industrial Growth:

Pakistan’s industrial sector, which includes manufacturing plants and warehouses, has also seen significant growth. Industries with heightened fire risks, such as oil & gas textiles, chemicals, and electronics, have been actively investing in fire alarm systems to protect their assets, employees, and production processes. Due entering and presence of International Accord in Pakistan now fire and safety installations is become necessary therefore in textile sector of Pakistan demand and installations growth of fire alarm system increasing in industrial and textile sector of Pakistan.

4. Awareness and Education:

The awareness of fire safety and the importance of fire alarm systems have been increasing among both businesses and the general public. Media campaigns, awareness programs, and fire safety training initiatives have contributed to this heightened awareness, leading to higher demand for fire safety solutions.

5. Insurance Requirements:

Insurance companies often require businesses and building owners to implement fire safety measures, including fire alarm systems, as a condition for obtaining coverage. This requirement has further driven the market for fire alarm systems in Pakistan.

6. Technological Advancements:

The introduction of advanced fire alarm technologies, such as addressable systems, intelligent detectors, and integrated fire safety solutions, has generated interest in upgrading existing systems and adopting more sophisticated fire alarm products.

7. Competitive Landscape:

The market for fire alarm systems in Pakistan is competitive, with both local and international manufacturers and suppliers offering a range of products. This competition has led to improved product offerings, pricing options, and customer support, benefiting end-users.


The market for fire alarm systems in Pakistan has been on an upward trajectory due to urbanization, government regulations, industrial growth, increased awareness, insurance requirements, technological advancements, and healthy competition. As fire safety continues to be a priority for businesses and building owners, the demand for reliable and efficient fire alarm systems is expected to remain strong in the region. However, for the most up-to-date information, it is recommended to refer to the latest market reports and industry updates beyond my knowledge cutoff date.

Types and Usage of Fire Alarm Systems:

Fire Alarm System comes in different types and classifications along with different standards and codes design options. Following are some types of popular fire alarm systems available to install as per premises/location requirements.

1. Conventional Fire Alarm Systems:

  • Usage: Commonly used in smaller buildings and residences where zoning is not a significant concern.
  • Details: Conventional systems divide the building into zones, and each zone has a circuit connected to a group of devices (smoke/heat detectors, manual call points, etc.). When a device is activated, the zone in which it is located is identified, but the specific device’s location is not pinpointed.

2. Addressable Fire Alarm Systems:

  • Usage: Suitable for medium to large-scale buildings and complex installations requiring precise device identification.
  • Details: Addressable systems allow individual devices to have unique addresses, enabling precise identification of the activated device’s location. This system offers greater flexibility, diagnostics, and better integration options.

3. Wireless Fire Alarm Systems:

  • Usage: Ideal for retrofitting existing buildings or where wiring installation is challenging.
  • Details: Wireless systems use radio frequency technology to communicate between devices and the control panel. They offer flexibility in device placement and minimize disruption during installation.

4. Intelligent Fire Alarm Systems:

  • Usage: Common in commercial and industrial settings requiring advanced functionality and rapid response.
  • Details: Intelligent systems use advanced algorithms to analyze data from multiple sensors, enabling faster detection of fires, reducing false alarms, and providing more accurate information to emergency responders.

Appliances For Fire Alarm System

Appliances used in fire alarm systems are critical components that facilitate the detection, notification, and response to fire incidents. These devices work together to ensure the safety of occupants and minimize potential damage. Here’s a brief overview of some essential appliances used in fire alarm systems:

1. Smoke Detectors:

  • Smoke detectors are one of the primary devices in fire alarm systems.
  • They sense the presence of smoke particles in the air and trigger an alarm when smoke levels exceed a predefined threshold.
  • Smoke detectors can be ionization-based or photoelectric-based, each having specific applications and advantages.

Heat Detectors:

  • Heat detectors are designed to sense an increase in temperature caused by a fire.
  • They are particularly useful in areas where the presence of dust, fumes, or other factors can affect the effectiveness of smoke detectors.
  • Heat detectors are commonly used in industrial settings and areas with high ambient smoke levels.

Multi Sensor Detector I Heat and Smoke Detector :

  • An advanced fire detection device combining multiple sensing technologies in one unit.
  • Integrates smoke and heat detection capabilities for accurate fire detection.
  • Minimizes false alarms by analyzing data from different sensors.
  • Suitable for areas with varying environmental conditions or potential sources of false alarms.
  • Provides reliable and prompt detection of actual fire incidents.

Flame Detector:

  • specialized fire detection device identifying flames based on optical characteristics.
  • Uses infrared or ultraviolet sensors to monitor for specific flame signatures.
  • Commonly used in outdoor locations or areas with rapid combustion processes.
  • Ideal for places with dense smoke, dust, or fog that may hinder smoke detection.
  • Provides early detection of flames, enhancing fire safety in challenging environments.

Gas Detector:

  • Critical safety device monitoring the presence of hazardous gases.
  • Detects gases produced during fires, such as carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2).
  • Also monitors other harmful gases like hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the environment.
  • Provides early warning of dangerous gas levels, enabling timely evacuation and response.
  • Widely used in industrial facilities, laboratories, and areas with potential gas leaks.

Manual Call Points (MCP):

  • Manual call points, also known as fire alarm pull stations, allow individuals to manually trigger the fire alarm when they detect a fire or emergency.
  • When activated, manual call points instantly initiate the alarm sequence, alerting occupants to the danger.

Fire Alarm Control Panels (FACP)

  • The fire alarm control panel serves as the central processing unit of the fire alarm system.
  • It receives information from various detectors and devices, monitors their status, and activates alarms and notification devices as needed.
  • The control panel provides real-time information about the system’s status and can indicate the location of activated devices.

Sounders and Horns:

  • Sounders and horns are audible devices that produce loud alert tones or alarms when the fire alarm system is activated.
  • They serve to notify occupants of the building about the presence of a fire, prompting them to evacuate promptly.

Visual Alarm Devices (VAD):

  • Visual alarm devices use bright flashing lights to provide a visual alert to individuals with hearing impairments or those who may not hear the audible alarms.

Emergency Voice Communication (EVC) Systems:

  • EVC systems allow two-way voice communication during emergencies, enabling emergency responders or building authorities to provide instructions and guidance to occupants during evacuations.

Duct Smoke Detectors:

  • Duct smoke detectors are installed in HVAC ducts to detect smoke in the air handling system.
  • If smoke is detected, the duct smoke detectors can shut down the air handling system to prevent smoke spread throughout the building.

Monitor Modules and Input/Output Modules:

  • These modules enable the integration of fire alarm systems with other building systems, such as sprinklers, elevators, and access control systems, for coordinated emergency responses.

Each of these appliances plays a crucial role in the overall functionality of the fire alarm system, working together to ensure early detection, timely notification, and effective response in the event of a fire.

Interfaces and Accessories in Fire Alarm Systems:

Remote Annunciators:

  • External control panels or displays that provide remote access to the fire alarm system.
  • Allow authorized personnel to monitor and control the system from different locations.
  • Provide status information, zone indications, and system control functions.

Signal Devices:

  • Devices that receive signals from the fire alarm control panel and initiate specific actions.
  • Common signal devices include door holders, elevator recall interfaces, and HVAC shutdown relays.
  • Help enhance fire safety by coordinating responses with other building systems.

Relays and Control Modules:

  • Relay modules act as switches, enabling the fire alarm system to control external devices.
  • Control modules allow the integration of specialized equipment with the fire alarm system.
  • Used to activate fire doors, shut down equipment, or trigger other emergency functions.

Fault Isolator Modules (FIMs):

  • Designed to enhance the reliability of the fire alarm system.
  • Automatically isolate sections of the system to prevent total system failure in case of a fault or short circuit.
  • Help maintain partial system operation even if one part of the system is compromised.

Output Modules:

  • Devices that provide additional alarm outputs beyond the capabilities of the fire alarm control panel.
  • Used to extend notification to remote locations or activate specific response actions.
  • Examples include strobe light outputs and relay outputs for communication with other systems.

Input Modules:

  • Devices that expand the number of input points available to the fire alarm control panel.
  • Used to connect additional detectors, manual call points, or other initiating devices.
  • Allow the system to cover larger areas or accommodate more devices.

Power Supplies and Batteries:

  • Provide reliable and continuous power to the fire alarm system.
  • Backup batteries ensure system functionality during power outages.
  • Power supplies are available in various capacities to meet system requirements.

Printer and Event Log Modules:

  • Devices that provide hardcopy records of fire alarm events and system status.
  • Useful for maintaining a physical record of system activity and diagnostic information.
  • Aid in post-incident analysis and compliance reporting.

Network and Communication Interfaces:

  • Enable communication between multiple fire alarm control panels within a network.
  • Facilitate information sharing, control, and coordination across interconnected systems.
  • Useful for larger buildings or campuses with distributed fire alarm systems.

Monitoring and Control Software:

  • software applications that allow remote monitoring and control of fire alarm systems.
  • Provide real-time status updates, event logging, and configuration options.
  • Enable centralized management of multiple fire alarm systems from a single interface
  • Utilizes the latest technology to provide a graphical user interface (GUI) for fire alarm system management.

Graphical/Visual Monitoring & Control Software:

  • Offers a visual representation of the building’s layout with icons indicating device locations.
  • Allows for real-time monitoring of device status, alarms, and events through interactive maps or floor plans.
  • Enables operators to easily identify the exact location of activated devices during emergencies.
  • Provides comprehensive control over the fire alarm system, including system configuration and alarm acknowledgment.
  • Enhances situational awareness and simplifies emergency response for operators and building personnel.

Codes and Standards in Fire Alarm Systems:

Fire Alarm Systems has different codes and standards for different locations some regions have their own standards like USA, Europe, British, China and may regions and countries follow other countries codes and standards like!

NFPA 72: American National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code:

  • Widely recognized standard in the United States and globally developed by National Fire Protection Association (USA).
  • Provides requirements for fire alarm system design, installation, testing, maintenance, and monitoring.
  • NFPA 72 generally certified fire alarm system with following two main certification authorities in USA.

UL-864 Series: American Certification for Fire Detection System (as per NFPA 72)

  • UL’s standards for fire alarm systems are often aligned with relevant NFPA codes, such as NFPA 72: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code.
  • UL’s standards also consider the requirements specified in the International Fire Alarm Code and International Building Code, both published by the International Code Council (ICC).
  • UL 864 is UL’s own standard specifically addressing control units and accessories used in fire alarm systems.

FM Global Series: American Certification for Fire Alarm
under Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets (as per NFPA 72)

  • FM Global does not have a specific code solely dedicated to fire alarm systems. Instead, FM Global provides fire protection guidelines and requirements through their “Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets” and other related documents.
  • FM Global’s codes and standards for fire alarm systems often align with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) codes, such as NFPA 72.
  • NFPA 72 serves as a reference for fire alarm system design, installation, testing, and maintenance, contributing to FM Global’s guidelines.

EN 54 Series: European Standard for Fire Detection and Alarm Systems:

  • A set of standards for fire alarm systems in Europe.
  • EN 54-2: Control and Indicating Equipment, EN 54-4: Power Supply Equipment, EN 54-5: Heat Detectors, EN 54-7: Smoke Detectors, and more.

BS 5839 Series: British Standard for Fire Detection and Alarm Systems:

  • Guidelines for fire detection and fire alarm systems in the UK.
  • BS 5839-1: Code of Practice for Design, Installation, Commissioning, and Maintenance.

LPCB Series: Loss Prevention Certification Board International Certification Body (Follow British (BS) & European (EN) Standards)

  • LPCB is an internationally recognized certification body that assesses and certifies fire safety and security products and services following British (BS) and European (EN) standards.
  • LPCB codes encompass a range of aspects related to fire alarm systems, including design, installation, verification, and specific requirements for different types of fire detectors and alarm devices.

ISO 7240 Series: International Standard for Fire Detection and Alarm Systems:

  • International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard for fire detection and alarm systems.
  • ISO 7240-1: Point-type Fire Detectors, ISO 7240-2: Smoke Detectors, and more.

CCC-GB 50116 Series: Chinese Standards for Fire Alarm System

  • This code provides guidelines for the design and installation of automatic fire alarm systems in various buildings following Fire Protection Design of Buildings (GB 50016).
  • It covers the selection and placement of fire detectors, alarm notification devices, control panels, and wiring requirements.

BCPFSP-2016 Series: Pakistan Standards for Fire Alarm System (Based on Building Code of Pakistan-Fire Safety Provisions-2016)

Based on Section 9.7 (Detection Alarm & Communication Systems)

9.7 Detection, Alarm, and Communications Systems
9.7.1 General Where building fire alarm systems or automatic fire detectors are required by other sections of these Provisions, they shall be provided and installed in accordance with NFPA 70 and NFPA 72 or any approved code/standard, and Section 9.7. Building Fire Alarm Systems. Protected premises fire alarm systems that serve the general fire alarm needs of a building or buildings shall include one or more of the following systems or functions:
(1) Manual fire alarm signal initiation
(2) Automatic fire alarm and supervisory signal initiation
(3) Monitoring of abnormal conditions in fire suppression systems
(4) Activation of fire suppression systems
(5) Activation of emergency control functions
(6) Activation of fire alarm notification appliances
(7) In-building fire emergency voice/alarm communications
(8) Guard’s tour supervisory service
(9) Process monitoring supervisory systems
(10) Activation of off-premises signals
(11) Combination systems

Adherence to these codes and standards ensures that fire alarm systems are designed, installed, and maintained according to recognized industry practices, enhancing the overall effectiveness and reliability of fire safety measures.

Excel Industrial Services having knowledge as brief above and wide experience offering complete range of fire alarm system with wide range of options including type, codes, standards and compliance to customer requirement.

For any kind of query related to your fire alarm system design, audit, supply or repair and maintenance feel free to contact us

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